Q. What tests can the doctors do to see if I have cancer cells still in me? Am using my friend user name. I had a mastectomy in October of the 3cms lump. They also removed lymph nodes from armpit. They found that 2 nodes were slightly infected and 2 blood vessels leading away were the same. My oncologist says I should start chemo for 5 months followed by 5 wks of radiotherapy. I am awaiting the results from bone, heart, lungs and blood tests. What tests can the doctors do to see if I have cancer cells still in me? A. You need to have your own self examination, which you can get guidance from doctor and all the tests which you already had and the tests which you are awaiting. Like you may have clinical examination, mammograms- which you already had, breast biopsy, ultrasonography, post biopsy pathology test, HER-2 gene test to find the speed of your tumor growth. Tests to check cancer spread – like lymph, bone, liver and lungs whose results you are waiting for.
Independently of its role in lipid homeostasis, apolipoprotein E (apoE) inhibits cell proliferation. We compared the effects of apoE added to media (exogenous apoE) with the effects of stably expressed apoE (endogenous apoE) on cell proliferation. Exogenous and endogenous apoE increased population doubling times by 30-50% over a period of 14 days by prolonging the G(1) phase of the cell cycle. Exogenous and endogenous apoE also decreased serum-stimulated DNA synthesis by 30-50%. However, apoE did not cause cell cycle arrest; both apoE-treated and control cells achieved equivalent saturation densities at 14 days. Further analyses demonstrated that exogenous and endogenous apoE prevented activation of MAPK but not induction of c-fos expression in response to serum growth factors. Endogenous (but not exogenous) apoE altered serum concentration-dependent effects on proliferation. Whereas control (non-apoE-expressing) cell numbers increased with increasing serum concentrations (-fold for every 2-fold increase in serum), apoE-expressing cell numbers did not differ as serum levels were raised from to 10%. In addition, in low serum (%), apoE-expressing cells had elevated DNA synthesis levels compared with control cells. We conclude that apoE does not simply inhibit cell proliferation; rather, the presence of apoE alters the response to and requirement for serum mitogens.